Bird watching hot-spots

Bwindi Impenetrable forest


    1. Echuya Forest Reserve (IBA): forest including Muchuya swamp (2300m). Many Albertine Rift Endemics along the road to Ruhija.
      Birds: over 100 species including Grauer’s Rush Warbler, Rwenzori Nightjar, Dusky Turtle Dove, Regal Sunbird, Red-chested Owlet, White-naped Raven, Scarce Swift, Western Green Tinkerbird, Doherty’s Bush Shrike, Grey Cuckoo Shrike, Balck-tailed Oriole and Chubb’s Cisticola. Ruhiija is the southern part of Bwindi.
  1. Mubwindi Swamp
    Birds: 4km trail to Mubwindi Swamp is the best place for some of the most difficult to find of all rift endemics including Grauer’s (African Green) Broadbill, Regal Sunbird, and Archer’s Robin-Chat. Also, Dwarf Honeyguide, Stripe-breasted Tit, Ruwenzori Apalis, African Hill Babbler (sometimes treated as a separate species from Ruwenzori Hill Babbler), the rare and localized Grauer’s Scrub-Warbler and Carruther’s Cisticola.
    Others include Black Goshawk, Augur Buzzard, Crowned Hawk-Eagle, Handsome Francolin, Olive (Rameron) Pigeon, Bronze-winged Pigeon, Black-billed, Ruwenzori, and Ross’s Turacco, African, Barred Long-tailed, and African Emerald Cuckoos, Red-chested Owlet, Narina and Bar-tailed Trogons, Black and Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaters, Blue-throated Roller, White-headed Woodhoopoe, Gray-throated, Double-toothed, and Yellow-spotted Barbets, Western and Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird, Thick-billed and Dwarf Honeyguides, Rufous-necked Wryneck, Tullberg’s, Speckle-breasted, Elliot’s, and Olive Woodpeckers, African Broadbill, Rock Martin, Black Saw-wing, Gray and Petit’s Cuckoo-Shrike, Cabanis’ Greenbul, White-tailed Ant-Thrush, Kivu Ground-Thrush, Olive and Mountain Thrushes, Red-throated Alethe, Chubb’s Cisticola, Banded Prinia, Ruwenzori, Black-throated, and Black-faced Apalis, Olive-green Camaroptera, Grauer’s and Cameroon Scrub-Warblers, Cinnamon Bracken-Warblers, Mountain Yellow Warbler, White-browed Crombec, Red-faced Woodland-Warbler, White-eyed Slaty- Flycatcher, Yellow-eyed Black-Flycatcher, Sooty Flycatcher, White-starred Robin, White-bellied and Archer’s Robin-Chats, Ruwenzori Batis, White-tailed, Slaty, and African Blue-Flycatchers, Puvel’s, Pale-breasted, Mountain, and Gray-chested Illadopses, Gray-headed, Western Violet-backed, Green, Green-headed, Blue-headed, Green-throated, Stuhlmann’s, Northern Double-collared, and Regal Sunbirds, Mackinnon’s Shrike, Ludher’s, Gray-green, Many-colored, and Lagden’s Bush-shrikes, Velvet-mantled Drongo, Slender-billed, Waller’s, Narrow-tailed, Stuhlmann’s, and Sharpe’s Starlings, Black-billed, Strange, and Brown-capped Weavers, Red-faced and Dusky Crimson-wings.
  2. ‘The Neck’: a 50kms stretch where the forest narrows
    Birds: Albertine Rift Endemics: Handsome Francolin, Rwenzori Nightjar, Dwarf Honeyguide, African Green Broadbill, Archer’s Robin-Chat, Red-throated Alethe, Yellow-eyed Black-Flycatcher, Red-faced Woodland Warbler, Short-tailed Warbler, Grauer’s Warbler, Mountain Masked Apalis, Collared Apalis, Stripe-breasted Tit, Rwenzori Batis, Blue-headed Sunbird, Regal Sunbird, Strange Weaver, Dusky Crimsonwing.
    Other species include Ayres’s Hawk-Eagle, Fine-banded and Cardinal Woodpeckers, Willcocks’s Honeyguide, Shelley’s Greenbul, Red-tailed Greenbul, Red-tailed Bristlebill, Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat, Mountain Wagtail, Cassin’s Flycatcher, Equatorial Akalat, Black-faced Rufous Warbler, Dusky Tit, Chestnut Wattle-eye, Red-headed Malimbe, Dusky Twinspot, Cape Wagtail, Brown-backed Scrub Robin, Mackinnon’s Fiscal, and Western Citril.
  3. The Main Trail in the Buhoma part of Bwindi
    Birds: Species include Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo; Bar-tailed Trogon; Dusky Tit; Kivu Ground-Thrush; White-bellied Robin-Chat; Equatorial Akalat; White-tailed Ant-Thrush; Red-throated Alethe; White-bellied Crested- Flycatcher; White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher; Gray-green Bushshrike; Northern Double-collared Sunbird; Blackbilled Weaver and Magpie Mannikin.
    High exposed perches in the open forest are favored by African Goshawk, Black Bee-eater, Blue-throated Roller, Sooty Flycatcher and forest starlings including Waller’s, Stuhlmann’s and Narrow-tailed.
    Under-storey birds: pitta-like Neumann’s Warbler, African Broadbill, Banded Prinia, Black-faced Rufous-Warbler
    Mid-storey and canopy birds: Jameson’s Antpecker Elliot’s and Tullberg’s woodpeckers, Cabanis’, Shelley’s and Ansorge’s greenbuls, Grauer’s Warbler, White-browed Crombec. Scarce Swifts overhead.
    Other wildlife: Mountain gorillas, Yellow-backed and Rwenzori Duikers; Guereza Colobus, L’Hoest’s, Black and White Colobus, Blue and Red-tailed monkeys; Chimpanzee and several species of squirrels including Fire-footed, Carruthers’ Mountain, Ruwenzori Sun and Red-legged Sun Squirrel.

Budongo Forest

Budongo forest near Masindi, is an excellent birding location and includes the ‘Royal Mile’, Busingiro section and Kaniyo Pabidi (en route to Murchison Falls national park).
  1. Kaniyo Pabidi
    Birds: Puvell’s Illadopsis, Black-billed Turacco, Narina Trogon, Blue-throated Roller, Fire-crested Alethe.
  2. The Royal Mile, historically a leisure spot for the Bunyoro Kings, is a wide trail with particularly good viewing.
    Birds: Nahan’s Francolin, Black-collared Lovebird, White-thighed and Black-and-white-casqued Hornbills, Yellow-spotted and Yellow-billed Barbets, Chestnut-capped Flycatcher, Ituri Batis, Western Black-headed Oriole, and Brown Twinspot. Sabine’s and sometimes Cassin’s Spinetails. Blue-breasted, Chocolate-backed, and African Dwarf Kingfishers, Blue-throated Roller, Red-tailed Ant-Thrushes, Red-tailed Bristlebill, Scaly-breasted, Pale-breasted, and Brown Illadopses. Little Grey, Little, Cameroon Sombre, Slender-billed, Honeyguide, and Spotted Greenbuls. Crested Guinea Fowl, White-spotted Fluff-tails, Great Sparrow-hawk, Cassin’s Hawk-Eagle, Tambourine Dove, Grey Parrot, African Emerald, Klaas’, and Dusky Long-tailed, Red-chested Cuckoos, Yellowbill, White-throated Bee-eater, White-thighed, and Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill, Speckled and Yellow-throated Tinkerbirds, Streaky-throated Barbet (split from Hairy-breasted), Wilcock’s Honeyguide, Yellow-crested and Buff-spotted Woodpeckers, White-headed Saw-wing, Western Nicator, Red-tailed Bristlebill, Red-tailed Ant-Thrush, Rufous Thrush, Eastern Forest Robin, Fire-crested Alethe, Buff-throated and Black-capped Apalis, Yellow-browed Camaroptera, Rufous-crowned Eremomela, Olive-Green and Lemon-bellied Crombecs, Yellow and Grey Longbills, and Uganda Woodland Warblers, Blue-shouldered Robin-Chat, African Shrike-Flycatcher, Jameson’s and Chestnut Wattle-eyes, Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, Brown and Scaly-breasted Illadopses, Dusky Tit, Grey-headed, Green, Collared, Western Olive, Blue-throated Brown and Little Green, and Olive-bellied Sunbirds, Red-headed and Crested Malimbes, Vieillot’s Black and Yellow-mantled Weavers, and both White-breasted and Grey-headed Negro finches, Red-headed Bluebill.
  3. Butiaba Escarpment
    Lying between Budongo and Murchison Falls, the escarpment provides stunning views over Lake Albert and on into Congo.
    Birds: Cliffchat, Foxy Cisticola, Red-winged Pytilia, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow Weaver and Cinnamon-breasted BuntingK

    Entebbe Botanical Gardens


    Delightful open woodland gardens with scrub and bushes along the lake shore.
    Birds: Orange Weaver, various heron species, Ibis, Kingfishers and other weavers.
    Other wildlife: Black-and-white Colobus monkeys

    Kibale Forest National Park


    A large block of rainforest with probably the greatest variety and concentration of primates found anywhere in East Africa and famous for its Chimpanzees. The park has easy access and excellent infrastructure.
    Birds: African Crowned-Eagle, White-spotted Flufftail, Afep Pigeon, Red-winged Francolin, African Emerald, Dusky Long-tailed and Red-chested Cuckoos, Yellowbill (or Blue Malkoha), Black-billed Turacco, Narina Trogon, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, Black and White-throated Bee-eaters, White-headed Wood Hoopoe, Speckled, Yellow-rumped, and Yellow-throated Tinkerbirds, Streaky-throated (split from Hairy-breasted), Yellow-billed and Yellow-spotted Barbets, African (Green-breasted) Pitta, Grey-winged and Snowy-headed Robin-chats, African Broadbill, Willcock’s & Thick-billed Honeyguides, Cassin’s Honeybird, White-headed Saw-wing, Mountain Wagtail, Velvet-mantled Drongo, Petit’s Cuckoo-Shrike, Joyful & Honeyguide Greenbuls, Brown and Scaly-breasted Illadopses, Banded and White-chinned Prinias, Masked and Buff-throated Apalises, Grey-throated and Black-and-white Flycatchers, Red-bellied Paradise Flycatcher, Pink-footed Puff-back, Chestnut-winged and Purple-headed Starlings, Superb, Green-headed & Green-throated Sunbirds, Dark-backed and Vieillot’s Black Weavers, Red-headed Malimbe, Gray-headed Negrofinch, and Black-crowned Waxbill.

    Kidepo valley National Park


    Kidepo Valley is second only to Queen Elizabeth National Park in terms of avifauna diversity. Size: 1442 sq. km, Elevation: 914m on Kidepo Valley floor to 2749m a top Mt. Morungole. Semi-desert scrub, open thorn scrub, open thorn bush, long and short-grass open tree savanna, riparian woodland including Borassus and Kigelia woodland, thick “miombo-like” woodland, montane forest and granite outcrops
    Birds: 480 recorded species. Amongst the host of dry, eastern “specials” not found in any other Ugandan national parks are some of East Africa’s rarest and most sought after birds as Black-breasted Barbet and Karamoja Apalis.
    There are also records of two globally-threatened species: Lesser Kestrel (Vulnerable) and Pallid Harrier (Near-threatened) but so far as is known they are only occasional visitors.
    Other species that are rare or local in Uganda include Golden Pipit, Taita Fiscal, Rufous Chatterer, Grey Wren Warbler, and many others restricted to this park, Moroto Forest Reserve and adjacent unprotected areas. The park has 23 of Uganda’s 32 Somali-Masai biome species. There are also 21 Afro-tropical highland species (recorded mainly from highlands of Lonyili, Morungole, Zulia and Lomej with their characteristic mosaic of forest, savanna and thicket). Notable species are little Rock thrush and Brown Parisona. The site also has 16 Sudan and Guinea Savanna, and 4 Guinea Congo forest Biome species.

    Lake Mburo


    This park has varied habitats from open Acacia woodlands, to a number of papyrus-lined lakes and swamps. Birding en route to the park, in the woodland in the immediate vicinity of Rwonyo (at Lake Mburo) and within the park.
    Birds: Blackheaded, Squacco, and Rufous-bellied Herons, Hadada Ibis, Yellow-billed (Black) Kite, Spur-winged Goose, Comb Duck, Black-chested Snake-Eagle, Lizard Buzzard, Palm-nut and White-backed Vultures, Wahlberg’s and Verreaux’s Eagles, Crested Francolin, Crowned Crane, African Finfoot, Black-bellied Bustard, Temminck’s and Bronze-winged Coursers, Senegal, Crowned, Wattled, and Brown-chested Lapwings, Emerald Spotted and Blue-spotted Wood Doves, Brown Parrot, Red-eyed Dove, Great Blue Turaco, Bare-faced Go-away Bird, White-browed Coucal, Speckled and Blue-naped Mousebirds, Little, White-rumped and African Palm Swifts, Woodland Kingfisher, Little Bee-eater, Lilac-breasted and Broad-billed Rollers, Green Wood-Hoopoe, Common Scimitar-Bill, African Grey, Crowned, Black-and-white Casqued, and African Pied Hornbills, Spot-flanked Barbet, Nubian Woodpecker, Angola Swallow, African Pied Wagtail, African and Long-billed Pipits, Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike, Dark-capped Bulbul, African Thrush, Trilling Cisticola, Yellow-breasted Apalis, Tawny-flanked Prinia, Grey-backed Camaroptera, Grey-capped Warbler, Red-faced Crombec, Northern (white-winged) Black Tit, Chinspot Batis, Mariqua, Olive-bellied, and Red-chested Sunbirds, Pied Crow, Greater Blue-eared, Splendid, Rüppell’s Long-tailed Starlings, Black-headed, Northern Brown-throated, Yellow-backed, Vieillot’s Black, and Slender-billed Weavers, Northern Grey-headed Sparrow, Bronze Mannikin, and Yellow-fronted Canary Weyn’s Weaver.
    Boat ride on Lake Mburo: White Backed Night Heron, African Fin foot, African Giant King Fisher, Papyrus Gonolek and White Winged Warbler.
    Open grassland north of the park head quarters, particularly along the Zebra Track: Coqui Francolin, Red-necked Spurfowl, Black bellied Bustard, Temminck’s Courser, and African Wattled Lapwing, and it is here where small numbers of the migratory Brown-chested Lapwing can be regularly observed.
    Other species: African Marsh Harrier, African Hawk-Eagle, Common Quails, Water Thick-knee, Red Faced Barbet, Rufous–naped and Flappet Larks, Rufous–chested Swallow, Yellow–throated Long Claw, Black Cuckoo-Shrike, Singing, Long-tailed (or Tabora) and Siffling Cisticolas, White-winged Warblers, Lead-colored Flycatcher, African Penduline-Tit, Black-headed Oriole, Tropical Boubou, Southern Red Bishop, Brubru, Red-headed, Little, and Holub’s Golden-Weavers. African Scops-Owls, swamp, Freckled, and Black- shouldered Nightjars.
    Other wildlife: Oribi, Impalas, Common Zebras.

    Lutembe Bay


    A small bay on the northern shores of Lake Victoria
    Birds: over 200 species including over 100 water birds. Two Red Data species have been recorded: occasional Shoebill and a Madagascar Squacco Heron. Regular waterfowl counts since 1993 show a total of 108 water bird species at the site, of which 26 are Palaearctic migrants. The bay regularly supports 20,000 – 50,000 roosting water birds, sometimes many more between October and February; when there are palaearctic migrants. Clearly Lutembe bay is one of the most important migratory stopover sites in the Lake Victoria basin and a major roost site for many species, including large congregations of migrant waders. Birding here is done on a hand paddled Canoe or motorboat.

    Mabamba Wetlands (IBA)


    Community protected papyrus swamp on the shores of Lake Victoria about 50km west of Kampala. Travel through the channels and lagoons by boat.
    Birds: Shoebill, Pink-backed Pelican, Long-tailed Cormorant, Goliath Heron, African Open-billed, Saddle-billed, and Marabou Storks, Hammerkop, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Yellow-billed Duck, African Fish-Eagle, African Marsh-Harrier, African Water Rail, Purple Swamphen, Allen’s Gallinule, African Jacana, Long-toed and Spur-winged Plovers.
    Open country and water edge species including Speckled Pigeon, African Green Pigeon, Eastern Plantain-eater, Malachite, Giant, and Pied Kingfishers, Blue-headed Coucal, Blue-breasted Bee-eater, Crowned Hornbill, Angola and Rufous-chested Swallows, Winding Cisticola, Greater and Lesser Swamp-Warblers, Papyrus Yellow Warblers, Swamp Flycatcher, Scarlet-chested Sunbird, Papyrus Gonolek, Slender-billed, Northern Brown-throated, and Golden-backed Weavers, and Papyrus Canary.

    Mabira Forest Reserve


    Mabira Forest Reserve is the largest block of moist, semi-deciduous forest remaining in the central region of Uganda. The reserve occupies gently undulating country, characterized by numerous flat-topped hills and wide, shallow valleys, some with papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) swamps. The topography is such that the land drains to the north, even though the reserve’s southern boundary lies only 13 km from the shores of Lake Victoria. There are over 10km well maintained trail systems for birding nature walks.
    Birds: 300 recorded species including Guinea-Congo Forests biome e.g. Nahan’s Francolin; Black shouldered Nightjar, Capuchin Babbler, Grey Long-bill and Blue-headed crested flycatcher. The site also holds one species of the Sudan-Guinea Savanna biome and four of the Afrotropical Highlands biome.
    Others: Tit Harrier, African Fish Eagle, African Black-headed Oriole, Western Black-headed Oriole, White-breasted Aleth, Fire-crested Aleth, Snow-headed, Forest, Red-capped, Blue-shouldered Robin-chats, Common Bulbul, GreenBulbul, Hammerkop, White-browed, Dusky Long-tailed Kilasses, American Emerald and Red-chested Cukoos, Great Blue Turaco, Fan-tailed Widow Bird, Yellow Long Tail, Pied Wagtail.
    Other wildlife: Porcupine, Bush Baby, Duiker, Grey-cheeked Mangabey, Red-tailed and Vervet Monkeys.

    Mgahinga National Park


    Uganda’s smallest and probably most scenic national park situated in the extreme south western corner of the country on the slopes of the Virunga Volcanoes which rise up to 4000 m in elevation. To the south of the park is Rwanda, and to the west is the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park has a nice variety of Albertine rift endemics, and you can explore the treasures of this park along the excellent Gorge trail, which loops half way up Mt. Sabinyo, traversing a variety of montane habitats.
    One trail winds up through former farmland where regenerating vegetation has a semi-natural heath character. Here you look for Dusky Turtle- Dove, Cape Robin-chat, Brown-Crowned Tchagra, Bronze Sunbird, Rwenzori Turaco, Shelly’s Crimson-wing, Kivu Ground Thrush, Black-headed Waxbill, and Streaky Seedeater. As you climb and enter the bamboo belt at about 2500m, you may encounter the Handsome Francolin, Kivu Ground Thrush, and Cinnamon Bracken Warbler. The flowering Red-hot Pokers attract Malachite, Scarlet-tufted, and Ruwenzori Double-collared Sunbirds, as well as Lagden’s Bush-Shrike. Many of these are Albertine Rift endemics, which you can see here. The beautiful Golden Monkey, a localized form of the Blue Monkey, occurs in the bamboo zone and Mountain Gorillas are seasonally resident in the park.

    Murchison Falls National Park


    Uganda’s largest national park ( protects a large section of untamed savannah bisected by the mighty River Nile. It is named for the dramatic Murchison Falls where the world’s longest river explodes violently through a narrow cleft in the Rift Valley escarpment to plunge in a frothing pool 43m below. It is one of Uganda’s oldest conservation areas, formed in the early 1900’s. The park is perhaps Uganda’s premier game park, with no fewer than 76 mammal species, including Lion, Elephant, Leopard, Hippopotamus, Rothschild Giraffe, Cape Buffalo, Hartebeest, Oribi, Warthog, and the Uganda Kob. The park also hosts 360 bird species including the rare Shoebill.
    Birds: African Darter, Goliath Heron, Saddle-billed Stork, White-faced Whistling-Duck, Egyptian Goose, African Cuckoo-Hawk, Bat Hawk, Black-chested, Brown, and Banded Snake-Eagles, Bateleur, Dark-chanting Goshawk, Red-necked Falcon, Crested and Heuglin’s Francolins, African Finfoot, Stanley and Black-bellied Bustards, Senegal and Spotted Thick-knees, Rock Pratincole, Black-headed and Wattled Lapwings, Vinaceous
    Dove, Black-billed Wood-dove, Bruce’s Green-Pigeon, Redheaded Lovebird, White-crested Turacco, Levaillant’s and Black Cuckoos, Blue-headed, Senegal, and White-browed Coucals, Spotted and Gray Eagle-Owls, Rwenzori, Long-tailed, Square-tailed, and Pennant-winged Nightjars, Blue-naped Mousebird, Gray-headed and Pied Kingfishers, Red-throated, Blue-breasted, Swallow-tailed, and Northern Carmine Bee-eaters, Broad-billed Roller, African Gray and Abyssinian Ground-Hornbills, Spot-flanked and Black-billed Barbets, Nubian and Brown-backed Woodpeckers, Wire-tailed Swallow, African Pipit, Singing, Rattling, Croaking, Siffling, and Zitting Cissticolas, Red-and-gray Warbler, White-winged Scrub-Warbler, Green-backed
    Eremomela, Uganda Wood-Warbler, Silverbird, Pale Flycatcher, Lead-colored Flycatcher, Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat, Spotted Morning-Thrush, White-fronted Black-Chat, Blue-throated Wattle-eye, Black-headed Batis, White-shouldered Black-tit, Green-backed, Beautiful, and Copper Sunbirds, Gray-backed Fiscal, Yellow-billed Shrike, Brubru, Northern Puffback, Sulphur-breasted and Gray-headed Bushshrikes, White Helmet-shrike, Lesser Blue-eared and Violet-backed Starlings, Speckle-fronted, Little, and Vitelline Masked Weavers, Cardinal, Red-headed, and Red-billed Queleas, Orange Bishop, Yellow-shouldered Widowbird, Bar-breasted and Black-bellied Firefinches, Black-faced Quailfinch, Pin-tailed Whydah, Brown-rumped and Cabanis’s Buntings, and Shelly’s Rufous Sparrow. Red-throated Bee-eater.

    Queen Elizabeth National Park


    Queen Elizabeth National Park is the second largest in Uganda and ranks highest in terms of overall diversity, with a species list exceeding 610. The park has a mosaic of habitats from moist forest at Maramagambo to wild savannah excellent for Lions, Leopards, Elephants, Hyenas, Ugandan Kobs, Side-striped Jackal, Baboons, Giant Hogs. The park includes the Ishasha sector, well-known for its climbing lions and the Kazinga Channel offering amazing game and bird watching boat cruises.
    Boat cruise: African Skimmers, Great White and Pink-backed Pelicans, Grey, Purple and Goliath Herons, Saddle-billed and Yellow-billed Storks, Sacred and Glossy Ibises, African Spoonbill, Egyptian Goose, Black Crake, African Jacana, Black-winged Stilt, Water Thick-knee, Spur-winged, African Wattled, Kittlitz’s, and Three-banded Plovers, Collared Pratincole, African Pygmy Kingfisher, Brown-throated Sand Martin, Greater and Lesser Swamp Warblers, Carruthers’s Cisticola, and Papyrus Gonolek.
    Others: Black-rumped Button-Quail, African Crake, Brown-chested Plover, Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl, Black Bee-eater, Shining Blue Kingfisher, White-tailed Lark, Marabou Stork, Black-shouldered Kite, Hooded, African White- backed, Rüppell’s Griffon, Lappet-faced and White- headed Vultures, Brown Snake Eagle, Bateleur, Gabar Goshawk, Wahlberg’s, Tawny, Martial and Long-crested Eagles, Lanner Falcon, Helmeted Guineafowl, Black-bellied Bustard, Red-necked Spurfowl, Senegal and Crowned Plovers, African Mourning, Ring-necked and Laughing Doves, Diederik Cuckoo, Black and Senegal Coucals, Verreaux’s Eagle-Owl, Blue-naped Mousebird, Grey-headed Kingfisher, Madagascar and Little Bee-eaters, African Hoopoe, Common Scimitarbill, Yellow-fronted
    Tinkerbird, White-headed Barbet, Lesser Honeyguide, Grey Woodpecker, Rufous- naped and Flappet Larks, Yellow-throated Longclaw, Plain-backed Pipit, Banded Martin, White-browed Robin- Chat, Sooty Chat, Arrow-marked and Black-lored Babblers, Moustached Grass Warbler, Fan-tailed Grassbird, Trilling, Winding, Stout and Zitting Cisticolas, Northern Crombec, Buff-bellied Warbler, Black-headed Batis, Common Wattle-eye, African Paradise Flycatcher, Common Drongo, Common and Grey- backed Fiscals, Black-headed Gonolek, Black-crowned Tchagra, Sulphur-breasted Bush Shrike, Red-shouldered Cuckoo-Shrike, Violet- backed Starling, Yellow billed Oxpecker, Purple-banded and Scarlet-chested Sunbirds, Compact, Lesser Masked and Spectacled Weavers, Red-billed Quelea, Southern Red Bishop, Fan-tailed and White-winged Widowbirds, Green-winged Pytilia, Red-cheeked Cordon-bleu, Red-billed Firefinch, Common and Fawn-breasted Waxbills, Pin-tailed Whydah, Brimstone Canary,Golden-breasted Bunting, Broad tailed warbler, and Black Coucal.

    Rwenzori Mountains National Park


    The fabled “Mountains of the Moon” lie in the western Uganda on the Congo border with snow covered, equatorial peaks rising to a height of 5110m and lower slopes blanketed in moorland and rich montane forest. The conditions on the mountain are a challenge to even an experienced hiker. Rain and cold temperatures, bogs, mud, steep and slippery terrain and high altitude make it a challenging trip.
    Birds: 217 recorded species including 18 restricted range species Albertine endemics, the second highest in Uganda to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park which has 24 restricted range species. In addition, the park has 60 of 86 afro tropical highland biome species, the second highest of these after Bwindi Impenetrable. They include some rare and spectacular birds like the Rwenzori Turaco, Bamboo Warbler, Golden-winged Sunbird, Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbird and Stuhlmann’s Double-collared Olive-back Nesocharis ansorgei. There are also 17 species of the Guinea-Congo forest Biome.

    Semliki National Park


    Size: 220sq kms, Elevation: 670 to 760 Meters Above Sea Level, Birds recorded: 435 species
    Habitat: Moist semi deciduous forest, most iron wood-dominant with patches of swamp forest and aquatic habitat represented by forest streams and ox bow lakes with adjacent swamps.
    Semliki National Park is situated in the extreme west of Uganda, in the Bundibugyo District. It lies along the Uganda/ Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) border within the western arm of the East African Rift Valley. In the South east are the Rwenzori Mountains, to the west is the DRC and to the north are the Semliki flats and Lake Albert further on. Semliki National Park is an eastern extension of the vast Ituri forest in DRC. It forms part of the forest continuum resulting out of the climatic upheavals of the Pleistocene and therefore one of the richest areas for both flora and fauna in Africa.
    Jungle life in Semuliki National Park is breathtaking especially for birders, primate, butterfly and plant lovers. The jungle walk takes one up to the meandering River Semliki, the only one of its type in East Africa. You may also see forest buffaloes and elephants, sitatungas, leopards, crocodiles, various primate and a wide range of forest and water birds.
    Birds: Semliki Forest represents the only example of Congo-Basin vegetation in Uganda. A large number of Guinea-Congo biome species reach their eastern limits here, which is one of the richest for forest birds in the country.
    No less than 131 of the 144 Guinea -Congo forest Biome species have been recorded in Semliki Forest, as well as 31 Guinea Congo Biome species, and 39 others that are only known from Semliki national park in Uganda. Other species such as White-tailed/Piping Hornbill (also recorded in Budongo forest reserve), Capuchin Babbler and Blue-headed, Crested flycatcher are now known from Mabira forest reserve, the Orange weaver is common along the northern shores of Lake Victoria and the Red-billed Malimbe has been recorded from Kibale National Park.
    Semliki forest is close to the Mt. Rwenzori ranges, and the River Semliki meanders (forming ox-bow lakes in some places) along the western border down to Lake Albert and is surrounded by swamp where four Lake Victoria biome species, including Papyrus Gonolek and Caruthers’s Cisticola are recorded. The site also has two restricted range species, and surprisingly, six Afrotropical highlands biome species; all widespread elsewhere. Other interesting species include some of the continent’s most spectacular and sought-after birds such as Congo Serpent Eagle, Long-tailed Hawk, Nkulengu Rail, Black-wattled Hornbill and Lyre-tailed Honey guide.

    Uganda Wildlife Education Centre (UWEC), Entebbe


    Formerly Entebbe zoo, UWEC houses a variety of mammals, primates, reptiles and birds. The site contains natural vegetation which provides a wonderful habitat fr over 250 bird species. There is also a forest walk, with amazing views over the Centre and Lake Victoria, which provides opportunities to see wild monkeys, free ranging antelopes, hundreds of beautiful butterflies and indigenous plant species. There is also a medicinal plants’ garden with over 500 herbs and information about diseases they cure.
    Birds: over 250 bird species.

    Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary


    Ziwa is located 4kms off the highway, 170kms north of Kampala. This 70 sq kms sanctuary has reintroduced rhino into Uganda’s protected areas and started a successful breeding programme. It also runs education programmes to support animal conservation and employs many local people from rangers to guest house staff.
    Birds: Abdim’s Stork, Abyssianian Ground Hornbill, African Black Crake, African Black Headed Oriole, African Broad Bill,African Crowned Eagle, African Darter, African Fish Eagle, African Golden Oriole, African Golden Weaver, African Goshawk, African Green Pigeon, African Grey (Domestic), African Grey Hornbill, African Hawk Eagle, African Hoopoe, African Jacana, African Long Eared Owl, African Open Bill Stork, African Paradise Fly-, atcher, African Pied Wagtail, African Pigmy Kingfisher, African Scops Owl, Arrow Marked Arbler, Augur Buzard, , Banded Prinia, Bare-faced Go-Away-Bird, Barn Shalloki, Barred Warbler, Bateleur, Black & White Shrike Fly Catcher, Black and White Cuckoo, Black and White Manikini, Black Bellied Bustard, Black Billed Hoopoe, Black Billed Seed, racker, Black Crake, Black Crowned Fly Catcher, Black Crowned Waxbill, Black Cuckoo, Black Headed Gonlek, Black headed Heron, Black headed Weaver, Black Kite, Black Shouldered Kite, Black Smith Plover, Black Winged Bishop, Black Winger Stilt, Blue Breasted Kingfisher, Blue Cheeked Bee-eater, Blue Naped Mouse Bird, Booted Eagle, Braod Billed Roller, Bronse Manikini, Brown Backed Scrub Robbin, Brown Parrot, Brown Thoated Wattle eye, Buff Spotted Flufftail, Cardinal Wood Pecker, Cattle Egret, Chin Spot Batis, Common Bulbul, Common Fiscal Shrike, Coqui Francolin, Crested Francolin, Dark Caped Yellow Warbler, Double Toothed Barbet, Dusky Tit, Eastern Grey Plantern-Eater, Egyptian Goose, Emerald spotted Wood dove, European Bee-eater, Fab Tailed Widow Bird, Fork-tailed Drongo, Giant Kingfisher, Goliath Heron, Great Blue Turaco, Great Egret, Great Reed Warbler, Greater Blue eared Starling, Greater Honey Guide, Green Crombec, Green Wood Hoopoe, Grey Backed Camaroptera, Grey backed Fiscal Shrike, Grey Crowned Crane, Grey headed Kingfisher, Grey Headed Sparrow, Grey Heron, Grey Krestel, Hadada Ibis, Hammerkop, Helmeted Guineafowl, Heuglins Francolin, Klass’s Cuckoo, Knob Bellied Duck, Large Brown Snake Eagle, Laughing Dove, Lesser Black Backed Gull, Lesser Blue eared Starling, Lesser Honey Guide, Lesser Krestel, Lesser Masked Weaver, Lesser Stripped Swallow, Levaillants Cuckoo, Little Bittern, Little Egret, Little Grebe, Little Sparrow Hawk, Little Swift, Lizzard Buzzard, Long Crested Eagle, Long Tailed Comorant, Long Toed Lapwing, Malachite Kingfisher, Marabou Stork, Marico Sun Bird, Martial Eagle, Namaque Dove, Northern Black Fly Catcher, Northern Carmine Bee Eater, Olive Sun Bird, Pallid Harrier, Palmnut Vulture, Pearl Spotted Owlet, Piapiac, Pied Crow, Pied Kingfisher, Pin Tailed Whydah, Plain Martin, Purple Heron, Puvels Illadopsis, Red Billed Fire Finch, Red Cheeked Cordon-bleu, Red Chested Cuckoo, Red chested Sun Bird, Red Eyed Dove, Red Faced Crombec, Red Headed Blue Bill, Red Headed Malimbe, Red Headed Weaver, Red Knobed Coot, Red-Necked Dove, Red Rumped Swallow, Red Shouldered Cuckoo Shrike, Red Throated Wryneck, Red Winged Starling, Ross’s Turaco, Rufous Billed Heron, Rupells Long Tailed Starling, Saddle Billed Stork, Sand Martin, Scarlet Chested Sunbird, Scread Ibbis, Seckled Weaver, Sedge Warbler, Semi Coloured Fly Catcher, Senegal Coucal, Shoebill stork, Soot Chat, Speckeled Pigeon, Speckled Mouse Bird, Spotted Eagel Owl, Spur Winger Goose, Standard Winged Nightjar, Sulphur Breasted Bush Shrike, Superb Starling, Tawny Eagle, Thick Billed Honey Guide, Tree Pitpit, Variable Sunbird, Vinacious Dove, Violet Tipped Courser, Wattled Lapwing, Western Banded Snake Eagle, Western Black Headed Oriole, White Backed Night Heron, White Bellied Titi, White Browed Coucal, White Browed Scrub Robbin, White Chinned Prinia, White Crested Helmeted Shirik, White Crested Turaco, White Faced Scops Owl, White Faced Whistling Duck, White Fronted Bee-eater, White Headed Barbet, White Headed Mouse Bird, White Stork, White Winged Tern, Willow warbler, Wood Owl, Wood Sandpiper, Woodland Kingfisher, Woodly Necked Stork, Yellow billed Shrike, Yellow Billed Stork, Yellow Throated Longclaw.